Millions of students across Brazil have spent the weekend getting the Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio (National High School Exam), better referred to as the ENEM, the Brazilian equivalent of SATs in the United states or A-Levels in the UK. The non-compulsory end-of-high school graduation exam has seen major improvements, but also has come under fire again because of attendance levels, disruptions and leaked questions.
Education Minister Aloizio Mercadante hailed Brazil’s handling of the enem 2018 – the 2nd biggest exam of its type in the world after China, photo by Wilson Dias/ABr.
This coming year some 5.8 million people Brazil had registered to the exam, but preliminary figures show around 28 percent did not attend nationally, 25 % in Rio. Even though this absentee rate has occurred before, some have voiced concerns because of the exam’s new significance for college kids.
Since 2009 the Ministry of Education proposed all universities should make use of the exam being a standard entrance qualification test. Even though this has not been adopted universally, most federal universities (that are free) are now using the ENEM exam scores.
Education remains a significant challenge for Brazil and highlights the stark inequality the sixth largest economy in the world faces. Concurrently Brazil is struggling with a true shortage of skilled professionals, the government estimated the new Brazilian oil fields will need 250,000 new professionals through 2016 alone.
The key reason why numerous students missed out on the test is not really fully clear, even though some might be explained with the fact the test is optional, free for several, and schools still provide transcripts to prove academic ability. Some may simply also not any longer need the certificate, e.g. should they have second thoughts about university.
Education Minister Aliozio Mercadante admits that “space in the [university] system is limited,” and that it really has been limited further for a lot of white middle-class students right after a fifty-percent quota was introduced earlier this coming year to enhance the quantity of university students from poorer backgrounds, as well as certain ethnic backgrounds, which contains generated debate nationwide.
Messages and images sent to social media marketing sites from the ENEM were among reasons 65 candidates were expelled from exam rooms, photo from Twitter.
It had been also recently reported that twenty percent of 18 to 25 year-olds in Brazil are officially considered neither studying, nor working and even seeking work, or doing this dexspky96 the state system.
However, the main problems besetting this year’s test had more concerning the running of your enem 2018 inscricao as opposed to the exam itself: sixty-five candidates were expelled from the exam hall within the two days, including some who sent SMSs or uploaded messages and images onto social networking sites from your exam hall.
The us government said monitoring systems would improve and this the exam is just not yet perfect, but emphasized that improvements had been manufactured for the “second largest exam of the kind from the world” after China.
This year’s exam was harder than previous years’ after a number of complaints the exam was simple for university purposes. Despite improvements, some private universities have told The Rio Times they remain wary of the exam and will “wait until the creases have already been ironed out.”
The sisu 2018 candidates’ knowledge across an array of disciplines, including sciences, math and language. Results are expected on December 28th.